Has the Summit Supercomputer Cracked COVID’s Code?

A supercomputer-powered genetic study of COVID-19 patients has spawned a possible breakthrough into how the novel coronavirus causes disease—and points toward new potential therapies to treat its worst symptoms. The genetic data mining research uncovered a common pattern of gene activity in the lungs of symptomatic COVID-19 patients, which when compared to gene activity in healthy control populations revealed a mechanism that appears to be a key weapon in the coronavirus’s arsenal. The good news is there are already drugs—a few of which are already FDA-approved—aimed at… 

Quality control testing can be 10 times faster with new 3D robotic cell, says ABB

Robots can reduce or eliminate the need for time-consuming manual inspection and increase manufacturing productivity, said ABB Robotics & Discrete Automation last week. It said its new 3D quality inspection, or 3DQI, robot cell provides fast, accurate testing to make metrology easier and faster. The company added that its system can reduce the likelihood of faults and errors, as well as reduce costs by minimizing the risk of defects that could lead to product recalls. Auburn Hills, Mich.-based ABB Robotics & Discrete Automation is a… 

Sarcos Defense wins Marine Corps contract for Alpha version of Guardian XO exoskeleton

Sarcos Defense this week announced that the U.S. Marine Corps Logistics Innovation Office has awarded it a contract to deliver an Alpha version of the Guardian XO exoskeleton. The company said it is scheduled to deliver the full-body, powered, industrial wearable robot by the end of this year. Salt Lake City, Utah-based Sarcos Defense is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sarcos Robotics, which develops robots and other electro-mechanical systems for inspection, security, and augmenting human strength and endurance. Sarcos Robotics won a 2020 RBR50 innovation award for… 

The Rich Tapestry of Fiber Optics

Photo: Matt Flynn/Cooper Hewitt/Smithsonian Design Museum For this illuminated sculpture, artist Suzanne Tick wove together industrial fiber-optic yarn. “Whoopee!” So wrote Donald Keck, a researcher at Corning Glass Works, in the 7 August 1970 entry of his lab notebook. The object of his exuberance was a 29-meter-long piece of highly purified, titanium-doped optical fiber, through which he had successfully passed a light signal with a measured loss of only 17 decibels per kilometer. A few years earlier, typical losses had been closer to 1,000 dB/km.… 

Could a Mathematical Model Determine Whether Coronavirus Preventative Measures Work?

THE INSTITUTE Wearing face coverings, practicing social distancing, washing hands, and shuttering schools and stores. These are some of the measures that have been implemented to protect people from catching the virus responsible for COVID-19. But just how effective have these interventions been? Engineers at Carnegie Mellon and Princeton believe they have developed a mathematical modeling approach that could tell us. Their project, dubbed Modeling and Control of COVID-19 Propagation for Assessing and Optimizing Intervention Policies looks at various factors that can impact the spread… 

Spermato-WHOA-a! Human Sperm Don’t Swim Like We Thought

For more than three centuries scientists have believed that human sperm swim by swishing their tails in a side-to-side, symmetrical motion. But that’s because we’ve been looking at them with 2D microscopes.  Using state-of-the-art 3D microscopy, a piezoelectric device, and mathematics, researchers in Mexico discovered how sperm really move: They spin, with a wonky asymmetrical wiggle. The researchers reported their discovery today in the journal Science Advances.  “It’s 2020 and we all thought we knew how sperm actually swim, and we couldn’t have been more wrong,” says Hermes Gadêlha, a senior… 

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What Robots Need to Succeed: Machine-Learning to Teach Effectively

With machine learning, algorithms are automatically generated from large datasets, speeding the development and reducing the difficulty of creating complex systems, including robotics systems. While data at scale is what makes accurate machine learning ‘go’, the data used to train ML models must also be very accurate and of high quality. The post What Robots Need to Succeed: Machine-Learning to Teach Effectively appeared first on Robotics Business Review. Read More

Video Friday: NASA Launches Its Most Advanced Mars Rover Yet

Video Friday is your weekly selection of awesome robotics videos, collected by your Automaton bloggers. We’ll also be posting a weekly calendar of upcoming robotics events for the next few months; here’s what we have so far (send us your events!): AWS Cloud Robotics Summit – August 18-19, 2020 – [Virtual Conference] CLAWAR 2020 – August 24-26, 2020 – [Virtual Conference] ICUAS 2020 – September 1-4, 2020 – Athens, Greece ICRES 2020 – September 28-29, 2020 – Taipei, Taiwan AUVSI EXPONENTIAL 2020 – October 5-8, 2020 – [Virtual Conference] IROS 2020 – October 25-29, 2020 – Las… 

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Cranes Lift More Than Their Weight in the World of Shipping and Construction

Hoist ’Em High Archimedes said that a man with a lever, properly placed, could move the world; small modern cranes can lift a giraffe. And some models stand tall enough to hoist sizable weights to the top of some rather famous monuments. UNIC URW-094: Smallest Mobile Crane Built: 2009 Capacity: 1 metric ton Maximum lift height: 5.7 meters Radius: 7 meters LIEBHERR LTM 11200-9.1: The Most Powerful Mobile Crane Built: 2014 Capacity: 1,200 metric ton Maximum lift height: 188 meters Telescopic boom: 18.3 to 100… 

How the U.S. Army is improving soldier-robot interaction

A U.S. Army cadet and ARL West intern assists with research on the CCDC Army Research Laboratory Joint Understanding and Dialogue Interface, or JUDI, capability, which enables bi-directional conversational soldier-robot interaction. Credit: U.S. Army Dialogue is one of the most basic ways humans use language, and is a desirable capability for autonomous systems. Army researchers developed a novel dialogue capability to transform soldier-robot interaction and perform joint tasks at operational speeds. The fluid communication achieved by dialogue will reduce training overhead in controlling autonomous systems…